How Does Advanced Laparoscopy Work?

Feb 09, 2024
How Does Advanced Laparoscopy Work?
Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive approach to surgery that’s widely used in gynecology and other medical specialties. Here, learn how laparoscopy works along with the unique benefits it can offer.

Minimally invasive technology has revolutionized many types of surgery, including gynecological procedures for both the diagnosis and management of an array of medical issues. Laparoscopy uses special instruments and tiny incisions for faster healing and less tissue damage compared to traditional surgery, without sacrificing precision or accuracy. 

At OB/GYN Associates of Conroe, Richard Roberts, MD, uses advanced laparoscopy to help women in Conroe, Texas, stay healthy at every stage of life. Here, learn how laparoscopy works and when we recommend it for our patients.

Laparoscopic surgery basics

Laparoscopy uses a special lighted instrument called a laparoscope to examine a surgical site. Slim and flexible, the scope can be inserted through a very tiny incision. In addition to a bright light, a laparoscope is also equipped with a camera capable of capturing both still and video images. 

During a laparoscopic procedure, the scope sends images back to a video monitor. These images can be magnified many times for extremely detailed, precise results. Dr. Roberts performs the procedure using the images on the monitor to guide him. 

Depending on the type of procedure being performed, Dr. Roberts makes additional incisions to admit special surgical instruments designed specifically for minimally invasive procedures. 

Because laparoscopy causes less tissue damage, healing tends to be faster and more comfortable. Most patients experience less bleeding and swelling during and following their procedures, as well, and the smaller incisions can also result in a lower risk of infections and other complications.

When laparoscopy is used

Laparoscopy is widely used in gynecology. At his practice, Dr. Roberts uses laparoscopy to diagnose causes of pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and other unusual symptoms. Diagnostic laparoscopy provides far more in-depth information than diagnostic imaging without causing excessive tissue damage that can occur with traditional exploratory surgery.

In addition to diagnostic procedures, Dr. Roberts uses laparoscopy to perform procedures for:

  • Endometriosis
  • Uterine fibroids
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Uterine prolapse
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Sterilization

Laparoscopy can also be used to perform hysterectomies using an incision in the vagina rather than through the abdominal wall.

Recovering from laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is performed using a general anesthetic so you can sleep throughout your procedure. Once the incision is made, Dr. Roberts expands your belly with a special gas to make it easier to “see” inside the surgical site.

After your procedure, the incision is closed and you spend some time in a recovery area. Most women are discharged on the same day. 

For a few days after your procedure, you may feel sore and somewhat tired. Although the gas used during the procedure dissipates on its own, you might have some discomfort in your back or shoulder until all the gas dissolves. 

Dr. Roberts provides instructions regarding how to care for your incisions and what activities you can perform during healing. Until Dr. Roberts says it’s OK, you won’t be able to drive or perform heavy lifting or strenuous activities. A few days after your procedure, you should come in for a follow-up visit. 

Prioritize your healthy life

Laparoscopy offers lots of benefits, but it’s not always the right approach for every patient. To learn more about laparoscopy and other treatment options we offer, call 936-756-7788 or book an appointment online with the team at OB/GYN Associates of Conroe today.